Laurel J Trainor, Ranil R Sonnadara, Karl Wiklund, Jeff Bondy, Shilpy Gupta, Sue Becker, Ian C Bruce, and Simon Haykin (2004)
Development of a flexible, realistic, hearing in noise test environment (R-HINT-E)
Signal Processing, 82(2):299–309.
Through the use of DSP chips and multiple microphones, hearing aids now offer the possibility of performing signal-to-noise enhancement. Evaluating different algorithms before they are instantiated on a hearing aid is essential. However, commercially available tests of hearing in noise do not allow for speech perception evaluation with a variety of signals, noise types, signal and noise locations, and reverberation. Here we present a flexible realistic hearing in noise testing environment (R-HINT-E) that involves (1) measuring the impulse responses at microphones placed in the ears of a human head and torso model (KEMAR) from many different locations in real rooms of various dimensions and with various reverberation characteristics, (2) creating a corpus of sentences based on the hearing in noise test recorded in quiet from a variety of talkers, (3) creating “soundscapes” representing the input to the ears (or array of microphones in a hearing aid) by convolving specific sentences or noises with the impulse responses for specific locations in a room, and (4) using psychophysical procedures for measuring reception thresholds for speech under a variety of noise conditions. Preliminary evaluation based on the engineering signal-to-error ratio and on human perceptual tests indicates that the convolved sounds closely match real recordings from the same location in the room. R-HINT-E should be invaluable for the evaluation of hearing aid algorithms, as well as more general signal separation algorithms such as independent components analysis.