Peter Q Pfordresher (2011)
Poor-pitch singing as an inverse model deficit: Imitation and estimation
International Symposium on Performance Science:539-44.
Research on the phenomenon of poor-pitch singing is puzzling in that most of the evidence to date has ruled out rather than supported possible sources of the deficit, including pitch perception ability, motor control, and memory capacity. I propose a new way to conceptualize deficits of singing rooted in motor control research. That is, poor-pitch singing may reflect a vocal-specific deficit of inverse modeling, the ability to plan motor gestures based on an intended output.