Brian Mathias, Caroline Palmer, Peter Q Pfordresher, and Maxwell F Anderson (2011)
Effects of meter and serial position on memory retrieval during music performance
Proceedings of International Symposium on Performance Science:405-10.
Effects of musical meter on memory retrieval in music performance were investigated. The range model, a formal model of memory retrieval in music performance, proposes that metrical similarity influences retrieval during sequence production. This assumption was tested by examining production errors in skilled pianists’ performances of novel musical pieces. Pieces were practiced to a note-perfect criterion and subsequently performed at fast and medium musical tempi. The relative metrical accent strength of musical events influenced error rates. Effects of metrical accent on accuracy interacted with production rate; performance of metrically weak events was affected by tempo, but performance of the most strongly accented events was not. These findings indicate influences of higher-order event relationships on memory retrieval during production, consistent with theories of expert memory in music performance.